To help further our video series, we are looking to do an install in Santa Cruz California. If you live in this area and would like us to install a French drain or crawl space drain, please use our service sign up sheet or call us!
We can offer you a reduced rate and help solve your drainage problem.
This is a limited offer. So please contact us soon.
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Low spots in the backyard hold water. If there is no gravity or fall away from the area, that water will usually stand and stay there for days. This invites mosquitos and other insects as well as kill the sod, shrubs and eventually you have a big mud mess.
To solve this problem, a French Drain with catch basins leading to a sump pump, or small lift station, is needed. The water is collected by the French Drain and is piped to the sump basin. Then Sump Pump lifts the water up and can send it to the street or storm.
Todays pumps are not only extremely powerful but they are also efficient! They can move anywhere from 40 to 100 gallons a minute.
The systems works like this….
French Drain is perforated pipe surrounded by gravel. This collects subsurface water.
Catch Basins placed in low spots collect the immediate surface water runoff.
When it rains, the water pooling in the is first collected by the catch basins, then the as the ground water rises, the French drain collects the water. All this water is piped to the Sump. The sump pump lifts the water and send it out to the street.
We install French Drain with catch basins everyday! They work great. Even when collecting huge amounts of water. Here is a video showing a recent install. The amount of water collected here comes from 8 yards and the system works!
Channel Drain or Trench Drain collects water from a concrete surface. It could be a driveway, pool patio, pavers, of walkway. Many sizes are available. It is secured in concrete and is set flush with the surface. Water floods into the channel drain and is carried away by the discharge pipe. If gravity is not available, a sump pump and be used to lift the water up and send it out to the street or storm.
Installing is actually pretty easy. You do need a few tools but once you start into your project, you will find it goes quickly.
Here are a few tips on how to install 5″ NDS channel drain. This is the most common type channel drain. Its available from both Lowes and Home Depot. Cost per 10 foot section with grates and fittings, just under 160.00. Be sure to buy enough to complete your project. In other words, a 2 car garage with channel drain across the front will need 22 feet or more.
Materials and Tools you will need –
5″ NDS Channel Drain, Grates, and couplings. (suggest using the 10 foot sections not the 2 foot)
Pipe or sup pit and sump pump for the discharge.
4″ Pipe works best for gravity discharge and 1/3 horsepower pump with 1 1/2 in discharge is best if no gravity is available.
Note – Sump Pumps need power.. Plan ahead.
Concrete at least 8 bags of 80 lbs ready mixed concrete for 24 foot wide drive
Tools – Concrete saw – 14″ diamond tip blade
Wheel Barrel to mix concrete and haul debris
Shovel and hoe,
Concrete finishing trowel,
Painters Tape to cover grates
Pry bar or jack hammer to remove concrete.
Garden hose to mix and wash
Your cutting a section across the drive at least 14 inches wide. You will need to make two passes across the drive so be sure to pick the right spot!
To start, determine the lowest section of the apron in front of your garage. This is usually where the water first pools during a rain.
Next you will need a concrete saw, (partner saw or cut off saw). These are available from any tool rental. Be sure to get a 14″ Diamond Tooth Blade. The cost will vary but usually under a 100 for the day.
Lay out a section of channel drain and use it as your straight edge while cutting the concrete.
Keep the side of the saw 2 inches from the straight edge. (yes you could use a 2×4)
Turn on the water (let it trickle along side of the blade while cutting. This will keep the dust down and the blade cool allowing it to cut faster.
Once you are ready to cut the concrete, Work slowly and backwards. Let the saw blade do the work! It will cut like butter but very slowly.
Try to stay centered behind the saw. this will help you keep a straight line.
Don’t worry if you curve a little bit.. (but try to stay as straight as possible) When you back fill with concrete, it will still look really good.
Be sure to cut clean through the concrete! Its about 3 to 4 thick.
Once done cutting, take your pry bar and break out 1 foot section of the concrete between you cuts. Pound the pry bar in same spot.. It will weaken the concrete and it will crack just between the 2 cuts.
If you have cut clean through the concrete, you can easily pry and lift the 1 foot section up and out. Then put in wheel barrel to haul away.
Once the concrete is removed, wash of the driveway. Keep it clean!
Now you can set your channel drain into the trench.
Notice that its almost the right depth?
You will need to trench it out a little more for a perfect depth.
Dig you discharge trench and lay the pipe connecting it to the channel drain when ready.
Once done excavating, set you channel drain in the trench.
You can go all the way across or you can center the channel drain in the middle of the driveway leaving 1 foot of concrete on each side (22 foot)
Connect the channel drain together using the coupling. Add the end caps and discharge pipe.
Place the grates in the channel drain and use the painters tape to cover them. This will keep them clean while you back fill with concrete!
Make a form for the end of your trench to hold the concrete. Use a scrape wood or even thick cardboard.
Mix your concrete in wheel barrel. 1 bag at a time..
Double check the channel drain is where you want it!
Now trowel or shovel the concrete along side the channel drain. Fill it right to the top.
Finish off the concrete with your finishing trowel. This takes some time. work slowly but fast enough so the concrete does not set up.
The top of the grate should be just below the original concrete. (it could be lower depending on the driveway’s low spot.)
Channel drain lays almost level across the drive. If you can get some pitch great, if not, don’t worry@ It will still work good.
Cover up the discharge pipe, and you are done!
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Underground drains work to keep your foundation and yard dry, French drain, Yard drain, Downspout Drain, Roof Drain, Sump Pump, Crawl Space, Waterproofing, Footer Pipe, Drain Tile, Channel Drain.
Micro drain, is used around a pool deck. its 1 1/2 inch wide and is install the same way as larger drain.
Apple Drains has a complete library of Video How To. Free! Its on YouTube.
We have over 11,000,000 views.
Covers all rainwater drainage problems and solutions. Everything from French Drains and Crawl Space – Basement Waterproofing to Driveway Channel Drains, Catch Basin, Sump Pumps and Sump Basins, How and where to install. Even how to dig, how to tunnel a sidewalk, and connect pipe.
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Large regular Shovel – Small trenching Shovel
Prep Area –
Dig out both sides of walk about 6 to 8 feet. This is so you can use large shovel and stay flat without digging a belly under the walk
Use large shovel 1st. Remove dirt from the top of the concrete and then push shovel flat into and under the walk to remove the dirt
Once you have gone as far as you can with big shovel, now use small trenching shovel. Same thing. Remove dirt from top of concrete and then dig flat out under to remove soil.
Soon you will be more than 1/2 ways through. Then move to other side and repeat the steps until you have 4″ hole under walk!
You may need to adjust your hole. Simple use small trenching shovel and widen as needed.
Pull pipe under and back fill as best you can under the walk.
Watch the video !
Its really not that hard!
You can do this!
Orlando – Jacksonville FL
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A French Drain is Perforated Pipe Surrounded By Gravel. It usually has a catch basin to help collect surface water and the gravel perforated pipe collects the subsurface water, water table or ground water.
When your yard floods and the water stands for days, a French drain is usually needed to remove the water.
As with any drain there must be a discharge point lower than the inlet. In other wards, the water standing in your yard must have a place to go that is Downhill or LOWER than the flooded spot. If that cannot be achieved, a sump pump is needed to left the water up and send it to the street, storm drain or other natural area away from the low spot in the yard.
VIDEO REFERENCE – FRENCH DRAIN with SUMP PUMP
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